The 7 wonders of the world were thought of by Herodotus in the 5th century BC. Its current accepted form was found in the 2nd century BC. The 7 wonders of the world are wonderful historical works that many people have been wondering about. Now let’s examine the 7 wonders of the world together.
The Pyramids of Giza (Egypt)
It is among the unknown artifacts the Giza pyramids are still well made. In ancient times, the view should have been even more fascinating, which he managed to get into in the 7 wonders of the world. Of the seven ancient wonders of the world, the pyramids of Cheops, Chephren, and Mykerinos are the only ones left.
Not all of them were created in the same way, so here you will be able to explore the different stages of pyramid construction. The first buildings tend to be flattened structures, rather than tapering to a point in a similar form, which is characteristic of the immediate aftermath and today. One of the attractive examples of this is the large Saqqara tomb located near the ancient Egyptian capital Memphis. The pyramids in this region are the oldest known pyramids and also contain the tomb of Djoser, a very famous pharaoh. This stepped pyramid was designed by the architect Imhotep and built by 3. It was built during the dynastic period. The Giza Pyramids, which are among the most eagerly awaited monuments in the world, are one of the areas that have attracted a lot of tourists. You can also visit these pyramids.
Statue of Zeus by Phidias (Greece)
The Greek artist Phidias began building the statue in 432 BC and worked on it for six years. The statue of Zeus seated on the throne was an average of 13 meters high, and its core was made of cypress and precious wood. The naked parts of the body are covered with ivory, large parts of the sculpture are made of pure gold. The statue was destroyed in a fire in the Temple of Olympia, where the image of Zeus was watching.
Temple of Artemis (Turkey)
The Temple of Artemis in Ephesus was completed for the first time in 440 BC after a construction period of 120 years. In 356 BC, a madman burned down the temple to go down in history. But the sanctuary was rebuilt. This time it was even more magnificent than the earlier one. On top of a marble platform measuring 125 by 65 meters, 127 columns, each 18 meters high, held the huge roof structure. During the reign of Constantine, the Great (280 – 337 AD), the temple was again destroyed as a result, and the remains were buried in a swamp.
Mausoleum of Mausolus (Turkey)
Similarly, the pharaohs were worried about a suitable burial place for King Mausolus during his lifetime. In comparison with the traditional burials of that time, they exceeded the limit. His tomb, made of artistically chipped stone blocks, had an area of 39 by 33 meters and was proud of its 49 meters high. Alexander the Great completed the construction in 334 BC. 13. in the XIII century the mausoleum was destroyed by an earthquake. The rubble was built into defensive structures 200 years later.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon (Iraq)
Quite a little is known about the hanging gardens of Babylon. The first source tells that the building had a time dating back to 775 BC. it is said that a terrace with a height of 30 meters stands directly above the Euphrates. The terrace garden stood on huge columns, and there was a corridor system under it.
Statue of Rhodes (Greece)
The Greeks paid their respects to their patron saint Helios with the Statue of Rhodes. After twelve years of construction, the bronze statue with an average height of 35 meters was erected in 290 BC. However, only after 66 years, an earthquake destroys the monument. The statue remained in the city for an average of 900 years until it was dismantled and melted down by the Arabs in 653 AD.
Pharos Lighthouse (Egypt)
The large lighthouse owes its name to the tiny coastal island of Pharos off Alexandria. The tower was found on a 30-by-30-meter foundation, and on top of it was a huge bronze statue, which reached a total height of 113 meters (about the length of a football field). 14. in the XIII century, an earthquake Pharos destroyed the lighthouse, and its rubble was built in 1480 in the nearby fortress of Kait-bey.
The New 7 Wonders of the World
in 2007, a new 7 excellent was selected with the institution New 7 Wonders in Switzerland. More than 10 million people (about half the population of New York) have voted with the voting system created on the Internet. In this direction, the new 7 wonders of the world that defy time are as follows.
- Great Wall of China – China
- the Ancient City of Petra – Jordan
- Taj Mahal – India
- Statue of Christ the Savior – Brazil
- Chicken Itza – Mexico
- Machu Picchu – Peru
- Colosseum – Italy
As the most magnificent structures in the world today, it is possible to see these structures up close and understand that they have a more impressive appearance.